Nefertari – Ramesses II’s Beloved Queen

Nefertari 1

by C.M. Hypno
An Ancient Egyptian Royal Love Story?
Have you heard about the great love that was shared between Pharaoh Ramesses II and his QueenNefertari? We all like great love stories, right? So what is so unusual about this one?
nefertari 6
Ramsses II
Well, although we really do not know a lot about the intimate relationships of the Egyptian pharaohs and their wives, for an Egyptian Queen like Nefertari to be featured so prominently on her husband’s Ramesses II’s mouments and temples and for him to write love poetry for the walls of her burial chambers was very unusual and points to a real and enduring bond of affection between them.
The ancient Egyptian royal sucession was matrilineal; bound up through the female line and a new pharoah’s gaining the throne was determined through his female relations and marriage partners. This is why we see situations, which would not normally occur in our culture, where pharaohs married their sisters and their daughters.
So most royal unions were of a political and dynastic nature, with most pharaohs having several wives and a harem of lesser wives and concubines. Although it seems that Ramesses II regarded Nefertari as his great love, he still had several secondary wives, many ladies of the harem, and fathered dozens of children.
The name Nefertari means ‘beautiful companion’ and she lived circa 1295 to 1254 BC. She was married to Ramesses II when she was 13 and he was 15, and was to be the most prominent of his wives for the next twenty years, when images of her began to become scarcer. Nefertari appears to have died in Ramesses’s regnal year 25. Her place as his principal wife was taken by Isetnofret, who was the mother of Ramesses’s successor Merneptah.
nefertari 2
Nefertari with sistrum

Ramses II & Nefertari
Origins and Titles of Nefertari
Like so many of the queens of Egypt, we do not know with any certainty where Nefertari came from or who her parents were. Discoveries from the tomb of Nefertari, including a cartouche of the pharaoh Ay, suggest that she may have been connected to the royal family of the late 18thdynasty, the Amarna ‘heretics’. In addition, a large statue of her daughter Meritamen has been found at Ramesses II’s temple at Akhmin, which is where the family of Queen Tiye, the Great Royal Wife ofAmenophis III originated from.
However, Nefertari never claims the title ‘King’s Daughter’ which would have been likely if she had been the daughter of a pharaoh, but does use the title ‘Hereditary Princess’ which implies that Nefertari came from a noble family and during the time that she was queen of Egypt, her brother Amenmose held the position of Mayor of Thebes. Nefertari’s titles included ‘Kings Great Wife, His beloved’, ‘Wife of the Strong Bull’, and ‘Great of Favours’.
nefertari 3
Valley of the Queens
Her titles ‘Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt’ and ‘Mistress of the Two Lands’ were the feminised form of titles normally reserved for the pharaoh, which again highlights Nefertari’s prominent position and political power.
The question to be asked is did Nefertari attain this high position purely because she was the much loved and favourite wife of the great Ramesses, or does it indicate that she had political influence as an individual in her own right? However the pharaoh’s love for his beautiful wife Nefertari can been seen in the title he bestowed on her ‘she for whom the sun doth shine’
Nefertari also bore the title ‘God’s Wife’ an important religious office which proved her position as the highest ranking priestess in the cult of Amen at Thebes. The title was first held early in the 18th dynasty by Queen Ahmose-Nefertari early in the 18th dynasty, and traditionally was held by the mother’s, wives and sisters of the reigning pharaoh.

It might have been that Nefertari was given this title to consolidate the power of the Ramesside dynasty in Thebes, as this dynasty of kings came from the north and Ramesses II had built his new capital at Pi-Ramesses in the Delta.
nefertari 4
The Ramesseum
Nefertari’s Children
Ramesses fathered at least 100 children and Nefertari herself bore Ramesses at least four sons and two daughters, but none of her sons lived long enough to succeed their father onto the throne as pharaoh. It is difficult to be sure which of the princes and princesses were her children, but she has been attributed as being the mother of Prince Amen-her-Khepeshef, Prince Pareherwenemef, Prince Meriatum, Prince Meryre, Princess Meritamen and Princess Henuttawy.
Prince Amen-her-Khepesef was Ramesses firstborn son and was born when his father was still co-regent with Seti I. His name means ‘Amen is with His Strong Arm and he was Crown Prince for the first 25 years of his father’s life. He appears to have died in 1254 B.C.E and was buried in the mysterious tomb KV5 in the Valley of the Kings with some of his brothers.

Nefertari’s Temple of Hathor
Princess Meritamen’s name means ‘beloved of Amen’ and she appears as the fourth daughter on the list of daughters carved on the great temple of Abu Simbel and is depicted on the facade of Nefertari’s smaller temple at Abu Simbel. She became the Great Royal Wife of her father at around the time of her mother’s death.
There are several statues and depictions of her – a limestone statue found at the Ramesseum and a large statue found at Ramesses temple at Akhmin. She was buried in the Valley of the Queens in a tomb numbered QV68 and her sarcophagus lid is now in the museum in Berlin

neferatri 5
The Ramesseum from Gurnah

Nefertari’s exquisite tomb was discovered by Ernesto Schiaparelli, the Director of the Egyptian Museum in Turin in the Valley of the Queens in 1904, and is numbered QV66. It is sometimes referred to as the ‘Sistine Chapel of Ancient Egypt’ and is considered to be one of the jewels of Egyptian funerary monuments.
It is one of the most magnificently decorated tombs ever to be discovered in Egypt. A steep flight of eighteen steps cut into the rock lead down to the antechamber which is decorated with images based on chapter 17 of the Book of the Dead. There is also an impressive astronomical ceiling with a dark blue background and quantities of golden stars. The east wall of the antechamber has an opening flanked by images of Osiris and Anubis which leads into a vestibule and an antechamber.
The vestibule is decorated with pictures of Nefertari being presented to the gods, and the antechamber with images of offerings. The stairway to the burial chamber is on the north side of the antechamber. The burial chamber is a large room with four decorated pillars supporting another astronomical ceiling.

The Tomb of Nefertari
The tomb features extracts of chapters 148, 94, 146, 17 and 144 of the Book of the Dead and depicts Nefertari’s tests and ceremonies on the journey from her death to the point of her rebirth and emergence on the eastern horizon as a sun disc. The tomb was sacked by tomb robbers and the mummy, coffins, sarcophagus and funerary goods plundered. A few bits of the queen’s mummy (her knees) were recovered by Schiaparelli’s expedition and now are kept in the Turin Museum.
The tomb was closed to the public in 1950 due to problems beginning to develop with the wall paintings. The bedrock is very brittle and crumbly, so the workmen decorating the tomb were forced to cover the rough surfaces with heavy plaster, which was then painted over. Unfortunately, the weight of the plaster pulls it away from the walls, and potentially bits of the plaster could easily fall to the floor destroying the magnificent paintings as they did so.
nefertari 7
Tomb wall depicting Nefertari
In 1986 a conservation plan was devised to restore the tomb paintings by the Egyptian Antiquities Organisation and the Getty Conservation institute. Work started in 1988 and was completed in 1992. After the restoration was completed, the tomb was open from 1995 to 2003 to a limited amount of tourists a day, but is now closed again for its protection as visitors raise the humidity levels in the tomb and increase the risk of the plaster separating from the wall and dropping.
Currently, you need to get special permission to enter the tomb, and this is usually on one of the few specialised tours that have access granted or small groups that are willing to pay a great deal of money in entrance fees.

Posted in Beautiful Women, Egyptology, History, Videos | Comments Off

Kenneth Cukier: Big data is better data

Kenneth Cukier, The Economist
Kenneth Cukier is the Data Editor of The Economist. From 2007 to 2012 he was the Tokyo correspondent, and before that, the paper’s technology correspondent in London, where his work focused on innovation, intellectual property and Internet governance. Kenneth is also the co-author of Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work, and Think with Viktor Mayer-Schönberger in 2013, which was a New York Times Bestseller and translated into 16 languages.

cukier 4
Self-driving cars were just the start. What’s the future of big data-driven technology and design? In a thrilling science talk, Kenneth Cukier looks at what’s next for machine learning — and human knowledge.
cukier 3
As Data Editor of The Economist and co-author of Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work, and Think, Kenneth Cukier has spent years immersed in big data, machine learning — and the impact of both. What’s the future of big data-driven technology and design?

Cukier 2

Posted in Authors, Profiles, Science and Technology, Videos | Comments Off

Arab Male Belly Dancers Mostly outside Arab countries Candidates for Jails, Lashes and Beheading

male 13
Ramses an Egyptian living in Belguim. performed in South and North America.

male 9
Mohamed Sasmaz alias Zadiel – Germany’s famous and most booked male Belly dancer! Zadiel Sasmaz is born in Germany to Turkish and Arab parents living in Berlin. He is one of the most important and probably the foremost male Belly Dancer of our time in Europe.

male 12 Jamil
Jamil Halaby Syrian parents raised in Australia Actor and model best known for his belly dancing tops in Australia.

Male 11 Amir Thaleb 2
Amir Thaleb born in Argentina, a son of Lebanese and Egyptian Arabs is in the list of the principal and best Bellydance teachers and dancers in the world, recognized by masters in the Middle East, Europe, Latin America, Canada and the United States.

Male 7 tito
TitoFlew Over the cuckoos nest.

Born in 1971,in Cairo Egypt, Tito began to belly dance at the age of 14. Within a very short period of time he became one of the biggest names in the business. A prominent, technically proficient, innovative and mesmerizing dancer, he is recognized as a leader in the belly dance world. Tito’s talents as an entertainer are sought after all over the world; he is regularly featured as a special guest dancer on numerous international TV stations and networks.
male 14 TitoPose2
Many of his video clips are very popular on and other websites. Tito has been working as a professional dancer in Egypt and has risen very fast to stardom. He trains and performs with his folk dance company. His signature show, The Tito oriental show, is performed regularly at Alf leyla weleyla (1001 Nights) resort in Sharm El Sheikh – Egypt. Proficient in the use of canes, Tito is the only dancer in the world who performs the Asaya dance with four canes. He is well known for his ability to reach and consistently thrill the audiences with his amazing performances. He has a very strong stage presence and charisma and he really knows how to keep the party going! He is allowed to Dance for tourists in Ghardga and Sharm El Sheikh tourists resorts.He has performed all over Europe, USA Canada, South America and Australia. He is Number One Internationally
Taking Male Belly Dancing and his teaching workshops International.

Posted in Gays, He/she, Middle-Eastern beautiful people, Music from around the World, Performing Arts, Profiles, Sex, Stars, Videos, مزز | Comments Off

Ryno One-Wheeled Motorcycle Is The Compact Vehicle Of The Future

Ryno 1
The one-wheeled motorbike it’s impossible to fall off (at least that is what its inventor says)


What do you get when you cross a Segway and a mobility scooter? The electric RYNO scooter that is apparently impossible to fall off.
The $5300 one-wheeled, battery-powered scooter can travel at a speed of up to 10mph and can be parked anywhere, free of charge.
Its inventors claim you can even ride it into a lift and spin round – although don’t mention quite what your fellow lift inhabitants would say
ryno 2
The machine can reach up to 10mph – and spin in a perfect circle

ryno 3
The $5300 one-wheeled, battery-powered scooter can travel at a speed of up to 10mph and can be parked anywhere, free of charge.
It was designed by Portland-based RYNO Motors specifically for commuters to help beat the traffic and avoid expensive parking charges.
‘The RYNO isn’t about owning the road – it’s about sharing the pathways and byways that move a little bit slower but get you there in about the same time and a lot less stressed,’ the firm says.

The RYNO works like a Segway – the driver must lean forward to accelerate and backward to decelerate.
But unlike a Segway, the RYNO scooter is also fitted with self-balancing technology that means the scooter will automatically right itself if the driver leans too far to the left or right, or too far forwards and backwards.
It weighs 57kg and can cope with slopes of up to 30 per cent gradient.

ryno 4
The RYNO works like a Segway – the driver must lean forward to accelerate and backward to decelerate.
But unlike a Segway, the RYNO scooter is also fitted with self-balancing technology that means the scooter will automatically right itself if the driver leans too far to the left or right, or too far forwards and backwards.

How to ride the RYNO
The firm boasts it can be ridden anywhere – even into lifts.
‘Cars, scooters and even typical two-wheeled bicycles are confined to the road.
‘The RYNO – at less than half the length of a bicycle – fits where you stand, and can pivot 360 degrees on a vertical axis.
‘Ride into an elevator, spin around, press the floor button, and then effortlessly back up like any other person on foot.’
The idea for the scooter came from the daughter of the firm’s CEO Chris Hoffmann in 2009.
ryno 8
She had seen a one-wheeled motorbike in a game she was playing and asked her Dad to make one for her to ride to school.
Hoffman said: ‘With a product like RYNO, a rider can slip behind a wall, cut up the alley, around behind the big oak tree, down though the park and emerge at a destination long before anyone driving a car could ever get there.

Is it a Segway? Is it a unicycle? Nope, it’s the new RYNO bike

ryno 5
The Ryno can be fitted with bicycle pannier to carry luggage – and the shopping

‘Plus a RYNO can be parked anywhere a bike can be parked, free of charge.’
The designers also claim it can be taken on trains and driven through pedestrianised areas and shops in the same way mobility scooters can.
Its inventors add: ‘Or simply ride the RYNO through a lobby and up the elevator to your own apartment.’
Although the RYNO reaches speeds of 25mph, it is regulated when being driven in cities and towns to 10mph.
The RYNO’s battery can be removed and be plugged into electricity sockets to charge.
ryno 6
The RYNO is classified in the same group as mobility scooters. This means it can be driven in pedestrianised areas and inside buildings. It is also light enough to be carried onto trains or into houses. Although it has a top speed of 25mph, the RYNO is restricted to 12.5mph when driven in a town or city
The company claims it takes around 90 minutes to fully charge the device.
Hoffman continued: ‘See what happens when you ride through the streets, it’s the same everywhere, people think they’re watching something out of a video game.
ryno 7
The RYNO, pictured, is a one-wheeled, battery-powered scooter that can travel of speeds up to 25mph. Because of its size, the RYNO can be parked anywhere a bike can be parked. It was designed by Portland-based RYNO Motors for commuters to help beat traffic and avoid expensive parking charges

ryno 6a inventor
inventor Chris Hoffmann tests out the first few prototypes of the RYNO, and even takes it out into the streets and sidewalks for field testing
‘Even though it takes less than an hour to learn to ride, onlookers think you have the skill of a circus performer.’
The RYNO is set to go on sale from August 2013.
The company hasn’t released full specifications or price details but it is expected to cost around £2,250, according to figures released when the concept was launched in 2010.
ryno 10
The RYNO is shown here with RYNO Motor’s CEO Chris Hoffmann. The idea for the scooter came from Hoffmann’s daughter. She had seen a one-wheeled motorbike in a game she was playing and asked her Dad to make one for her to ride to school

Posted in Business and Financial News, Cars, Commercials, advertising, Industrials and Infomercials, Luxury Living, Science and Technology, Videos | Comments Off

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Europe

euro separatists
This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Europe. Separatism often refers to full political secession, though separatist movements may seek nothing more than greater autonomy.
Northern Epirus
• Ethnic group: Greeks in Albania

• Lezgistan
• Talysh-Mughan

Brussels-Capital Region
• Ethnic group: Walloon,
• Ethnic group: Flemish
Flemish Region or the Flemish Community (the latter includes Brussels)
• Ethnic group: Flemish
• Proposed state: Flanders (There is minority support to inc
• German-speaking Community of Belgium
• Ethnic group: German

Walloon Region
• Ethnic group: Walloon

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Republika Srpska
• Ethnic group: Serbs of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia
• Ethnic group: Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina

• Ethnic group: Istrian Italians

Breakaway state:
Northern Cyprus
• Ethnic group: Turkish Cypriot

Czech Republic
• Ethnic group: Moravian
Czech Silesia
• Ethnic group: Silesian

• Ethnic group: Danish
Faroe Islands
• Ethnic group: Faroese

• Ethnic group: Åland Swedes
• Ethnic group: Sami

euro separatists 3
1. Brittany, 2. France proper (excluding Wallonia), 3. Occitania, 4.Lorraine which is sometimes part of France proper, 5. Alsace, 6. Basque Country, 7. Catalonia and 8. Corsica.
Secessionist movements
• Basque Country
Basque nationalism
• Brittany
• Proposed state: Brittany
• Northern Catalonia
• Proposed state: Corsica
• Savoy
• Proposed state: Savoy
• Occitania
• Proposed state: Federal Republic of Occitania
Gradual and eventual secession
• Brittany
Autonomist movements
• Alsace
• Political party: Alsace d’Abord, Nationalforum Elsass-Lothringen, Unser Land
• Brittany
• Corsica
• Proposed autonomous area: Corsica
• County of Nice
• Normandy
• Proposed region: Normandy (to merge the two regions of Lower Normandy and Upper Normandy opposed by Norman activists)
• Savoy
• Occitania

euro separatists 10
Recreation: This map shows Europe as it was in 1360, when many cultural groups had their own states before the unification of major countries

Breakaway states:

• Ethnic group: Abkhaz
• De facto state with partial de jure recognition: Republic of Abkhazia
South Ossetia
• Ethnic group: Ossetians
• De facto state: with partial de jure recognition:Republic of South Ossetia
Proposed autonomous movements:
Armenians in Samtskhe-Javakheti
• Ethnic group: Armenians
• Proposed autonomous area: Javakhk
Borchali Azerbaijanis
• Ethnic group: Azerbaijanis
• Proposed autonomous area: Borchali

• Ethnic group: Bavarians
• Proposed state: Bavaria
East Frisia
• Ethnic group: Frisian
• Proposed autonomous area: East Frisia
• Ethnic group: Franconians
• Proposed autonomous region: Franconia
• Ethnic group: Sorbs
• Proposed autonomous region: Lusatian
• Ethnic group: Danish, Frisian
• Proposed autonomous region: South Schleswig

• Status: autonomous region
• Proposed state: Republic of Sardinia or Socialist Republic of Sardinia
South Tyrol
• Status: autonomous province
• Proposed state: Free State of South Tyrol or Austria
• Proposed state: Veneta Republic

North Kosovo
• Ethnic group: Serbian
• Proposed states: Reunification with Serbia
• De facto autonomous area Northern Kosovo

• Ethnic group: Latgalians, Russian
• Proposed autonomous region: Latgale

Breakaway state:
• Ethnic group: Russian
• De facto state: with partial de jure recognition Transnistria
• Proposed state: Possible unification with Russian Federation
• Ethnic group: Gagauz
• Proposed state: Gagauzia
• Ethnic group: Bulgarians
• Proposed autonomous region: Taraclia

• Ethnic group: Frisian
• Proposed autonomous region: Frisia

• Ethnic group: Sami
• Proposed autonomous region: SápmiKvenland
• Ethnic group: Kven
• Proposed autonomous area: Kvenland

Upper Silesia
• Ethnic group: Silesian
• Proposed State: Germany
• Ethnic group: Kashubians
• Proposed autonomous area: Kashubia

euro separatists 4 romania
The geographical distribution of Hungarians in Romania
Székely Land, Transylvania, Banat, Partium
• Ethnic group: Hungarians (Szeklers)
• Proposed autonomous region: Székely Land: Székely autonomy initiatives
• Proposed autonomous regions: Transylvania, Partium, Dobruja, Banat

Russia’s North Caucasus

• Chechnya
• Proposed state: Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (1991–99)
• Dagestan
• Ingushetia
• Chechnya, Dagestan, Ingushetia
• Circassia
• Movement: Circassian nationalism; Circassian Congress; Circassian Youth Initiative; Adyge Djegi
• Proposed state: Circassia, including all regions historically included in Circassia and/or inhabited by Circassians (note: this includes Adygea as well as north Kabardino-Balkaria, north Karachay–Cherkessia, south-east Krasnodar Krai, and south Stavropol Krai)
• Karachay-Balkaria (Balkar and Karachay peoples)
• Proposed state: Karachay-Balkar Republic (includes south Kabardino-Balkaria and south Karachey-Cherkessia)
• Abazinia in central-north Karachay–Cherkessia
• Proposed state: Abazin Pepublic (proclaimed but non-recognized in 1991 as autonomy)
• Kumykia in north Dagestan
• Proposed state: Kumyk Pepublic (proclaimed but non-recognized in 1991 as autonomy)

Russia’s other European regions
• Proposed state: Tatarstan, Idel-Ural
• Udmurtia
• Proposed state: Idel-Ural
• Chuvashia
• Proposed state: Idel-Ural
• Mari El
• Proposed state: Idel-Ural
• Mordovia
• Proposed state: Idel-Ural
• Bashkortostan
• Movement: Bashkir social movement “Kuk bure”
• Proposed state: Idel-Ural
• Komi Republic
• Proposed state: Komi Republic
• Karelia
• Proposed state: East Karelia or reunification with North Karelia and South Karelia and the formation of united Karelia or Finland
• Kalmykia
• Proposed state: Kalmykia
• Ingria
• Proposed state: Ingria (comprises Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast)
• Voronezh Oblast, southern districts
• Movement: pan-Ukrainian irredentism
• Rostov Oblast
• Proposed state: Don Republic (proclaimed in 1918 and in 1991 as part of Union of Cossack Republics in Southern Russia in Union of Sovereign States that never founded both)
• Krasnodar Krai (Kuban)
• Movement: Kuban Cossacks of Kuban Oblast autonomists
• Proposed state: Kuban People’s Republic (proclaimed in 1918), Kuban Republic (attempted to proclaim in 1991 as part of Union of Cossack Republics in Southern Russia in Union of Sovereign States that never founded both)
• North Caucasus near Terek
• Proposed state: Upper Kuban Cossack Republic (proclaimed in 1991 as part of Union of Cossack Republics in Southern Russia in Union of Sovereign States that never founded both)
• Prussia
• Proposed state: Prussia (comprises Kaliningrad Oblast and Various Areas In Northern Poland)

• Ethnic group: Ethnic groups in Vojvodina
• Proposed autonomous region: Vojvodina
• Ethnic group: Bosniaks of Serbia
• Proposed state: Sandžak
Preševo Valley
• Ethnic group: Albanians in south Serbia
• Proposed state: Presevo Valley
Breakaway state:
Republic of Kosovo
• Ethnic group: Albanians in Kosovo
• De facto state with partial de jure international recognition

euro separatists 5
The geographical distribution of Hungarians in Slovakia
Autonomist movements:
• Goals: Territorial autonomy for the compact Hungarian ethnic block and cultural autonomy for the regions of sporadic Hungarian presence.

euro separatists 6 spain
Areas in Spain with separatist movements.

Canary Islands (Main article: Canarian nationalism)
• Ethnic group: Canarians
• Proposed state: Canary Islands (sometimes also Western Sahara and Tamazgha)
• Ethnic group: Andalusian
• Proposed state: Andalusia
• Ethnic group: Aragonese
• Proposed state: Aragon
• Ethnic group: Asturian
• Proposed state: Socialist Republic of Asturias
• Proposed flag: Asturina
Balearic Islands
Basque Country (autonomous community)
Ethnic group Basque
• Proposed state: Basque Country (greater region) – Euskal Herria
• Ethnic group: Cantabrian
• Proposed state: Cantabria
• Proposed flag: Lábaro
• Ethnic group Catalan
• Proposed state: Republic of Catalonia or Catalan Countries
• Ethnic group Leonese
• Proposed states: Castile, Leonese Country
• Ethnic group: Galician
• Proposed state: Galician Republic or Portugal

Leonese Country
• Ethnic group Leonese
• Proposed states: Leonese Country
euro separatists 7 spain Olivença_location
The disputed territory of Olivenza.
Territory of Olivenza (Olivença)
Ethnic group: Portuguese
• Proposed state: to Portugal

• Ethnic group: Sami
• Proposed autonomous region: Sápmi
• Ethnic group: Scanian
• Proposed state: Scania

• Regional group: Genevan
• Proposed state: La République de Genève” or “Free State of Geneva”
• Regional group: Jurassien

Northern Kurdistan
• Ethnic group: Kurdish
• Proposed state: Kurdistan

Breakaway state:
euro separatists 8 Ukraine
Map of protests by region, indicating severity of the unrest at its peak
• Ethnic group: Russian
• De facto state: Federal State of Novorossiya: federation of Donetsk People’s Republic and Lugansk People’s Republic
Disputed status:
Republic of Crimea
• Ethnic group: Russian
• De-facto state: Russian Federation
City of Sevastopol
• Ethnic group: Russian
• De-facto state: Russian Federation
Proposed autonomous regions:
• Ethnic group: Crimean Tatars
• Proposed autonomous area: Crimea
Subcarpathian Ruthenia
• Ethnic group: Hungarian, Rusyn
• Proposed autonomous area: Transcarpathian Regional Confederation of the Hungarian and Rusyn People

United Kingdom and its dependencies

The United Kingdom, the Crown Dependencies and the Republic of Ireland
Constituent countries of the United Kingdom

euro separatists 9-British_Isles_-_UK_&_Ireland
Cornwall (possibly including the Isles of Scilly)
• Ethnic group: Cornish
• Proposed state: Cornwall (independence from the UK)

• Ethnic group: English
• Proposed state: England
• Proposed autonomous area: England
Ceremonial counties in Southern England
• Ethnic group: English
• Proposed autonomous area: Wessex (adjusting the current boundaries of some regions of England without separation from England)
Yorkshire (historical county)
• Regional group: Yorkshiremen
• Proposed autonomous area: Yorkshire

Northern Ireland
• Ethnic group: Ulster Scots
• Proposed state: Ulster or Scotland (independence only)
Reunification of Northern Ireland with Ireland
• Ethnic group: Irish
• Proposed state: Ireland

• Ethnic group: Scottish
• Proposed state: Scotland

Northern Isles ( Orkney and Shetland)
• Ethnic group (s): Shetland Islanders, Orkney Islanders
• Proposed autonomous area or state: Orkney and Shetland (separately or jointly, not yet specified)
Outer Hebrides (Western Isles)
• Proposed autonomous or state area: Outer Hebrides (or the Western Isles)

• Ethnic group: Welsh
• Proposed state: Wales
Crown dependencies
Channel Islands
• Ethnic group: Channel Islanders
• Proposed state or autonomous area: Channel Islands
Bailiwick of Guernsey (including Alderney, Sark and other smaller islands and rocks)

• Proposed state: Guernsey
Bailiwick of Jersey (including smaller islands and rocks)

• Proposed state: Jersey

Isle of Man
• Ethnic group: Manx
• Proposed State: Isle of Man
• Proposed Autonomous Region: Isle of Man (Constituent of the United Kingdom)

Overseas Territories
• Ethnic group: Gibraltarians
• Proposed state: Gibraltar (as independent state freely associated to the United Kingdom)

euro separatists 2 Active_separatist_movements_in_the_European_Union
Map of active separatist movements in Europe.

Posted in Business and Financial News, History, Liberal News and Politics, Videos | Comments Off

Consolation for Scotland and hope for other European Separatists

scotland 1

“This has been a triumph for the democratic process and for participation in politics.” Praising the record-setting 85% turnout in Scotland’s referendum on independence was bittersweet for Alex Salmond, the leader of the Scottish National Party. After all, his side lost, and he quit his job, ending 20 years at the helm of the pro-independence party.
scotland 2
Still, the “Yes” camp shouldn’t feel bad. The claim that countries are predisposed to secede when offered the choice is spurious. Sure, you can point to the landslide victories of independence votes in restive regions of Ukraine, or Transnistria, South Ossetia, and any number of other places. But if you exclude distant colonies, former constituents of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia, and the break-ups of recent forced marriages by colonial powers (as with East Timor-Indonesia, or Eritrea-Ethiopia), the list of genuine, successful secessions through a clean democratic process is exceedingly short. Given a free and fair vote on their status, peaceful unions with long histories—like Scotland’s 307-year-old merger with England—have tended to vote against independence. Quebec twice voted against seceding from Canada, in 1980 and 1995.

Still, some 1.6 million Scots, or 45% of the electorate, voted for independence. What they’ll get instead, it seems, are even greater powers to determine their own affairs, in hopes of avoiding another brush with divorce in the future. The devolution of powers to other parts of the UK is now also likely, making it a “looser and messier” state. A similar solution might satisfy Catalan separatists in Spain.
Whatever the passions of the day, centuries-old borders are not redrawn lightly. Even the staunchest pro-independence Scots wanted to keep the Queen, use the pound, and belong to the EU, as they did before the vote. When pressed, Catalans might also admit, grudgingly, that membership in the Kingdom of Spain has its merits. And within these long-lived, and not always happy, unions there remains scope for change.
The nation-state is dead. Long live the nation-state.

scotland 3

Posted in Business and Financial News, Liberal News and Politics, Videos | Comments Off

Swedish Girls – Mikey Mic


malmog 16




malmog 23

malmog 18

malmog 20

malmog 21

malmog 22


Posted in Beautiful Women, Lesbians, Music, Sex, Videos | Comments Off

Malmö Girl

malmog 1

malmog 2

malmog 3

malmog 4

malmog 5

malmog 6

malmog 7

malmog 8

malmog 9

malmog 10

malmog 11

malmog 12

Posted in Beautiful Women, Lesbians, Sex, مزز | Comments Off

Malmö, Sweden

malamo 1 Malmö_collage

Malmö is the capital and most populous city in Skåne County, and the third-largest city in Sweden. Together with Copenhagen, it constitutes the transnational Öresund Region, the most densely populated area in Scandinavia. Malmö is classified as a global city, placed in the gamma- category by the GaWC, ranked 5th in Scandinavia by the Global Cities Index in 2012. It is ranked the fourth-most inventive city in the world based on the number of patent applications per 10,000 residents and the 7th-most bicycle friendly city in the world, according to the Copenhagenize Index in 2013.
Malamo 2Malmö_fulla_vapen.svg
Coat of Arms
Malmö was one of the earliest and most industrialized towns of Scandinavia, but it struggled with the adaptation to post-industrialism. Since the construction of theÖresund bridge, Malmö has undergone a major transformation with architectural developments, and it has attracted new biotech and IT companies, and particularly students through Malmö University, founded in 1998. The city contains many historic buildings and parks, and is also a commercial centre for the western part of Scania. Malmö was ranked #4 in Grist Magazine’s “15 Green Cities” list in 2007.
The administrative entity for most of the city is Malmö Municipality which, as of 31 March 2013, has 309,105 inhabitants in eight different localities. Malmö is also a bi-municipal locality, as part of it is formally situated in Burlöv Municipality. The total population of the urban area was 280,415 in December 2010.
malamo 2a skaneflag
Skåne County Flag
Greater Malmö is one of Sweden’s three officially recognized Metropolitan areas (storstadsområden) and since 2005 is defined as the municipality of Malmö and 11 other municipalities in the southwestern corner of Scania. On 31 March 2012, its population was recorded to be 664,428. The region covers an area of 2,522 square kilometres (974 sq mi). The municipalities included, apart from Malmö, are Burlöv, Eslöv, Höör, Kävlinge, Lomma, Lund, Skurup, Staffanstorp, Svedala, Trelleborg andVellinge. Together with Lund, Malmö is the region’s economic and education hub.

Malmo 3 _Vapenbrev
Malmö’s 1437 grant of arms
Malmö is thought to have been founded in 1275, as a fortified quay or ferry berth of the Archbishop of Lund, some 20 kilometres (12 miles) to the north-east. It was for centuries Denmark’s second-biggest city. Its original name was Malmhaug (with alternate spellings), meaning “Gravel pile” or “Ore Hill”.
In the 15th century, Malmö became one of Denmark’s largest and most frequented cities, reaching a population of approximately 5,000 inhabitants. It became the most important city around the Öresund, with the German Hanseatic League frequenting it as a marketplace, and was notable for its flourishing herring fishery. During that time, the city arms were granted in 1437 by King Eric of Pomerania. It was based on Eric’s arms from Pomerania: argent with a griffin gules. It gave the griffin’s head to Malmö, eventually this extended to the entire province of Scania.

In 1434, a new citadel was constructed at the beach south of the town. This fortress, known today as Malmöhus, did not get its current appearance until the mid-16th century. Several other fortifications were constructed, making Malmö Sweden’s most fortified city, but onlyMalmöhus remains.
malamo 4
Malmö in 1580: Malmö Castle can be seen at far left, Sankt Petri Church’s tower at center.
Lutheran teachings became popular during the 16th century Protestant Reformation, and Malmö was one of the first cities in Scandinavia to fully convert to this Protestant denomination (1527–29).
In the 17th century, Malmö and the Scanian region (Skåneland) came under control of Sweden. This happened following theTreaty of Roskilde with Denmark, signed in 1658. Fighting was not yet over, however; in June 1677, 14,000 Danish troops laid siege to Malmö for a month, but were unable to conquer the Swedish troops holding it.
By the dawn of the 18th century, Malmö had about 2,300 inhabitants. However, due to the wars of Charles XII of Sweden andbubonic plague epidemics, the population dropped to 1,500 by 1727. The population did not grow much until the modern harbour was constructed by the late 18th century. The city started to expand, and in 1800 had 38,054 inhabitants.
Malamo 5 Sodergatan-1913
Malmö in 1913
In 1840, the Kockums shipyard was founded and it eventually developed as one of the largest shipyards in the world. Between 1856 and 1864 the Southern Main Line was built and enabled Malmö to become a center of manufacture, with big textile and mechanical industries. In 1870, Malmö overtook Norrköping to become Sweden’s third-most populous city, and by 1900 Malmö had strengthened this position with 60,000 inhabitants. Malmö continued to grow through the first half of the 20th century. The population had swiftly increased to 100,000 by 1915 and to 200,000 by 1952. By 1971, Malmö reached 265,000 inhabitants, but this was the peak which would stand for more than 30 years.
By the mid-1970s, Sweden experienced a recession that struck especially hard on the industrial sector; shipyards and manufacturing industries were hard hit, which led to high unemployment in many cities of Scania. Kockums shipyard had become a symbol of Malmö as its greatest employer and, when the shipbuilding ceased in 1986, the reassurance for the future of Malmö plummeted among politicians and the public. In addition, many middle-class families moved into one-family houses in surrounding municipalities such as Vellinge Municipality, Lomma Municipality and Staffanstorp Municipality, which profiled themselves as the suburbs of the upper middle class. By 1985, Malmö had lost 35,000 inhabitants and was down to 229,000.
The Swedish financial crises of the early 1990s exacerbated Malmö’s decline as an industrial city; between 1990–95, Malmö lost about 27,000 jobs and its economy was seriously strained. However, from 1994 and under the leadership of the former mayorIlmar Reepalu, the city of Malmö started to create a new economy as a center of culture and knowledge. Malmö reached bottom in 1995, but that same year marked the commencement of the massive Öresund Bridge road, railway and tunnel project, connecting it to Copenhagen and the rail lines of Europe. The new Malmö University was opened in 1998 on Kockums’ former dockside. Further redevelopment of the now disused south-western harbor followed; a city architecture exposition (Bo01) was held in the area in 2001, and its buildings and villas form the core of a new city district. Designed with attractive waterfront vistas, it was intended to and has been successful in attracting the urban middle-class.
Since 1974 the Kockums Crane had been a landmark in Malmö and a symbol of the city’s manufacturing industry, but in 2002 it was disassembled and moved to South Korea. In 2005 Malmö got a new landmark with completion of Turning Torso, the tallest skyscraper in Scandinavia. Although the transformation from a city with its economic base in manufacturing has returned growth to Malmö, the new types of jobs have largely benefited the middle and upper classes. While the inner city is being gentrified and the upper-middle class have inhabited the Western Harbor, little has changed for the inhabitants of the districts of the Million Programme; Malmö remains a city of sharp social divides and high unemployment.
Malamo 6Central_Malmö
Aerial view of central Malmö
Malmö is located at 13°00′ east and 55°35′ north. It is located near the southwestern tip of Sweden, in the Scania province.
Malmö is part of the transnational Öresund Region and since 2000 the Öresund Bridge crosses the Öresund to Copenhagen, Denmark. The bridge was inaugurated 1 July 2000, and measures 8 kilometres (5 miles) (the whole link totalling 16 km), with pylons reaching 204.5 metres (670.9 feet) vertically. Apart from the Helsingborg-Helsingør ferry links further north, most ferry connections have been discontinued.

malamo 7 Vattentornet_vid_Pildammarna
Pildammsparken with the old water tower.
Malmö, like the rest of southern Sweden, has an oceanic climate. Despite its northern location, the climate is surprisingly mild compared to other locations in similar latitudes, or even somewhat farther south, mainly because of the Gulf Stream. Because of its northern latitude, daylight extends 17 hours in midsummer, to only around 7 hours in midwinter.
Summers are warm and pleasant with average high temperatures of 20 to 21 °C (68 to 70 °F) and lows of around 11 to 13 °C (52 to 55 °F). Days between 25 °C (77 °F) and 30 °C (86 °F) are relatively common especially in July and August and heat waves are common during the summer. Winters are fairly cold, with temperatures steady between −3 to 4 °C (27 to 39 °F), but it rarely drops below −10 °C (14 °F).
Rainfall is light to moderate throughout the year with 169 wet days. Snowfall occurs mainly in December through March, but snow covers do not remain for a long time, and some winters are virtually free of snow.

malamo 8 Oresund_bridge
The Öresund Bridge, connecting Malmö to Copenhagen and theScandinavian peninsula with Central Europe through Denmark.
Öresund Railway trains cross Öresund Bridge every 20 minutes (every 10 minutes during rush hour) connecting Malmö to Copenhagen, and the Copenhagen Airport. The trip takes around 20 minutes. Also some of the X 2000 and Intercity trains to Stockholm, Gothenburg, and Kalmar cross the bridge, stopping at Copenhagen Airport. In March 2005, digging began on a new railway connection called the City Tunnel, which opened for traffic on 4 December 2010. The tunnel runs south from under Malmö Central Station through an underground station at Triangeln to Hyllievång (Hyllie Meadow). Here, the line comes to the surface to enter Hyllie Station, also created as part of the tunnel project. From Hyllie Station, the line connects to the existing Öresund line in either direction, with the Öresund Bridge lying due West.
Besides the Copenhagen Airport, Malmö has an airport of its own, Malmö Airport, today chiefly used for domestic Swedish destinations, charter flights and low-cost carriers.

The motorway system has been incorporated with the Öresund Bridge; the European route E20 goes over the bridge and then, together with the European route E6 follows the Swedish west coast from Malmö–Helsingborg to Gothenburg. E6 goes further north along the west coast and through Norway to the Norwegian town Kirkenes at Barents Sea. The European route to Jönköping–Stockholm (E4) starts at Helsingborg. Main roads in direction of Växjö–Kalmar, Kristianstad–Karlskrona, Ystad (E65), and Trelleborg start asfreeways.
Malmö has 410 kilometres (250 mi) of bike paths and approximately 40% of all commuting is done by bicycle.
Malmö has two industrial harbours; one is still in active use and is the biggest Nordic port for car importation. Also, there are two marinas: the publicly owned Limhamn Marina (55°35′N 12°55′E) and the private Lagunen (55°35′N 12°56′E), both offering a limited number of guest docks.Free marine charts are available.

malamo 9 Jorchr-Malmö_rådhus
Malmö’s old city hall

Malmö Municipality is an administrative unit defined by geographical borders, consisting of the City of Malmö and its immediate surroundings.
The Malmö urban area, Malmö tätort consists of the urban part of the municipality together with the small town of Arlöv in the municipality of Burlöv. Both municipalities also include smaller urban areas and rural areas, such as the suburbs of Oxie and Åkarp. Malmö tätort is to be distinguished from Malmö stad (the city of Malmö), which is a semi-official name of Malmö Municipality.
The politicians in the City of Malmö created a commission for a socially sustainable Malmö in November 2010. The commission´s was tasked with providing evidence-based strategies for reducing health inequalities and improve living conditions for all citizens of Malmö, especially for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged.

Historical population
Malmö is a young city. Almost half of the population is under the age of 35 (48%).
41% have a foreign background. 30% of the population has been born abroad and another 11% of the population was Swedish-born with foreign-born parents. The Middle East, Horn of Africa, Ex-Yugoslavia and Denmark are the main sources of migration.
After 1971, Malmö had 265,000 inhabitants, the population then dropped to 229,000 by 1985. The total population of the urban area was 280,415 in December 2010. It then began to rise again, and had passed the previous record by the 1 January 2003 census, when it had 265,481 inhabitants.
On 27 April 2011, the population of Malmö reached the 300,000 mark.
As of 2009, Malmö had the fourth-highest proportion of foreign-born residents of any municipality in Sweden. In addition to these figures, 14% of the population are foreign nationals.
The 10 largest groups of immigrants have arrived from:
1. Iraq (9,940)
2. Denmark (8,972)
3. FR Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) (8,426)
4. Bosnia and Herzegovina (5,969)
5. Lebanon (3,780)
6. Iran (3,375)
7. Poland (3,053)
8. Turkey (2,110)
9. Hungary (2,038)
10. Romania (2,014)
In 2011, 174 countries and about 150 languages were represented in Malmö.

Malamo 10 -Malmö_overview
City overview, with Öresund Bridgeand Limhamns kalkbrott in the foreground, and Turning Torso further away
The economy of Malmö was traditionally based on shipbuilding (Kockums) and construction related industries, such as concrete factories. The region’s leading university, along with its associated hi-tech and pharmaceutical industries, is located in Lund about 16 kilometres (10 miles) to the north-east. As a result, Malmö had a troubled economic situation following the mid-1970s. Between 1990-1995, 27,000 jobs were lost, and the budget deficit was more than one billion Swedish krona. In 1995, Malmö had Sweden’s highest unemployment rate
However, during the last few years there has been a revival. The main contributing factor has been the economic integration with Denmark brought about by the Öresund Bridge. Almost 10% of the population in Malmö works in Copenhagen. Also the university founded in 1998 and the effects of integration into the European Union have contributed.

In 2004, the rate of wage-earners was 63%, compared to 74% in Stockholm and 71% in Gothenburg. This in turn led to Malmö municipality in 2007 having the 9th lowest median income in Sweden.
As of 2005, the largest companies were:
• Skanska – heavy construction: 3,025 employees
• ISS Facility Service AB – hospital service, cleaning, etc.: 1,725 employees
• E.ON Sverige – electricity: 1,025 employees
• Sydsvenskan – newspaper: 1,025 employees
• Pågen – bakery: 975 employees
• Seavus – software developer: 515 employees
Almost 30 companies have moved their headquarters to Malmö during the last seven years, generating around 2,300 jobs.
The level of new started companies is high in Malmö. Around 7 new companies are started every day in Malmö. In 2010, the renewal of the number of companies amounted to 13.9%, which exceeds both Stockholm and Gothenburg. Among the industries that continue to increase their share of companies in Malmö are transport, financial and business services, entertainment, leisure and construction.

Malmö has the country’s eighth largest school of higher education, Malmö University, established in 1998. It has 1,500 employees and 24,000 students (2011).

In addition nearby Lund University (established in 1666) has some education located in Malmö:
• Malmö Art Academy (Konsthögskolan i Malmö)
• Malmö Academy of Music (Musikhögskolan i Malmö)
• Malmö Theatre Academy (Teaterhögskolan i Malmö)
• The Faculty of Medicine, which is located in both Malmö and Lund.
The United Nations World Maritime University is also located in Malmö. The World Maritime University (WMU)[34] operates under the auspices of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), a specialized agency of the United Nations. WMU thus enjoys the status, privileges and immunities of a UN institution in Sweden.
A striking depiction of Malmö was made by Bo Widerberg in his engaging debut film Kvarteret Korpen (Raven’s End) (1963), largely shot in the shabby Korpen working-class district in Malmö. With humour and tenderness it depicts the tensions between classes and generations. The movie was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1965.

malamo 11Malmö_stadsteater_2
Malmö Opera
In 1944, one of the city’s most enduring cultural hubs was inaugurated, Malmö Stadsteater (Malmö Municipal Theatre) with a repertory embracing both stage theatre, opera, musical, ballet, musical recitals and theatrical experiments. In 1993 it was split into three separate units, Dramatiska Teater (Dramatical Theatre), Malmö Musikteater (Music Theatre) and Skånes Dansteater (Scanian Dance Theatre) and the name was abandoned. When the ownership of the last two where transferred to Region Skåne in 2006 Dramatiska Teatern retained its old name.

In the 1950s Ingmar Bergman was the Director and Chief Stage Director of Malmö Stadsteater and many of his actors, like Max von Sydow and Ingrid Thulin were brought to stardom through his films. Later stage directors include Staffan Valdemar Holm and Göran Stangertz. Malmö Musikteater were renamed Malmö Operan and plays operas and musicals, classics as newly composed, on one of Scandinavia’s largest opera scenes with 1,511 seats. Skånes dansteater is also active and plays contemporary dance repertory and present works by Swedish and international choreographers in their house in Malmö harbour.

Since the 1970s the city has also been home to a rich, if fluctuating, array of independent theatre groups and some show/musical companies. It also hosts a rich rock/dance/dub culture; in the 1960s The Rolling Stones played the Klubb Bongo, and in recent years stars like Morrissey, Nick Cave, B.B. King and Pat Metheny have made repeated visits.

The Cardigans made their start in Malmö and recorded their albums there. On 7 January 2009 CNN Travel broadcast a segment called “MyCity_MyLife” featuring Nina Persson taking the camera to some of the sites in Malmö that she enjoys.
The Rooseum Centre for Contemporary Art, founded in 1988 by the Swedish art collector and financier Fredrik Roos and housed in a former power station which had been built in 1900, was one of the foremost centres for contemporary art in Europe during the 1980s and 1990s. By 2006, most of the collection had been sold off and the museum was on a time-out; by 2010 Rooseum had been dismantled and a subsidiary of the national Museum of Modern Design inaugurated in its place.

On 26 December 2009, Moderna Museet (“the modern museum”) opened its first outpost in the old Rooseum building in Malmö. The collection of Moderna Museet holds key pieces of, among others, Marcel Duchamp,Louise Bourgeois, Pablo Picasso, Niki de Saint Phalle, Salvador Dalí, Carolee Schneemann, Henri Matisse och Robert Rauschenberg The Malmö Konsthall is one of the largest exhibition halls in Europe for contemporary art, opened in 1975.
malamo 12 St_Petri_church_in_Malmö
Sankt Petri Church in Malmö
Malmö’s oldest building is Sankt Petri Church. It was built in the early 14th century in Baltic Brick Gothic probably after St Mary’s Church in Lübeck. The church is built with a nave, two aisles, a transept and a tower. Its exterior is characterized above all by the flying buttresses spanning its airy arches over the aisles and ambulatory.

The tower, which fell down twice during the 15th century, got its current look in 1890.
Another old building is Tunneln, 300 metres (1,000 ft) to the west of Sankt Petri Church, which also dates back to around 1300.
The oldest parts of Malmö were built between 1300-1600 during its first major period of expansion. The central city’s layout as well as some of its oldest buildings are from this time. Many of the smaller buildings from this time are typical Scanian: two story urban houses that show a strong Danish influence.

Recession followed in the ensuing centuries. The next expansion period was in the mid 19th century and led to the modern stone and brick city. This expansion lasted into the 20th century and can be seen by a number of Art Nouveau buildings, among those is the Malmö synagogue. Malmö was relatively late to be influenced by modern ideas of functionalisttenement architecture in the 1930s. Around 1965, the government initiated the so-called Million Programme, intending to offer affordable apartments in the outskirts of major Swedish cities. But this period also saw the reconstruction (and razing) of much of the historical city centre.
malamo 13 -Malmö_synagoga_2
Art Nouveau Malmö synagogue
Recent years have seen a more cosmopolitan architecture. Västra Hamnen (The Western Harbour), like most of the harbour to the north of the city centre, was industrial. In 2001 its reconstruction began as an urban residential neighbourhood, with 500 residential units, most were part of the exhibition Bo01. The exhibition had two main objectives: develop self-sufficient housing units in terms of energy and greatly diminish phosphorus emissions. Among the new buildings towers were the Turning Torso, a skyscraper with a twisting design, 190 metres (620 ft) tall, the majority of which is residential. It became Malmö’s new landmark.
Other sights
The beach Ribersborg, by locals usually called Ribban, south-west of the harbour area, is a man-made shallow beach, stretching along Malmö’s coastline. Despite Malmö’s chilly climate, it is sometimes referred to as the “Copacabana of Malmö”. It is the site of Ribersborgs open-air bath, opened in the 1890s.
The long boardwalk at The Western Harbour, Scaniaparken and Daniaparken, has become a new favourite summer hang-out for the people of Malmö and is a popular place for bathing. The harbour is particularly popular with Malmö’s vibrant student community and has been the scene of several impromptu outdoor parties and gatherings.

In the third week of August each year a festival, Malmöfestivalen, fills the streets of Malmö with different kinds of cuisines and events.
BUFF, the International Children and Young People’s Film Festival in Malmö, takes place every year in March.
In 1914 the Baltic Exhibition was held in Malmö which consisted of exhibitions about industry, art and crafts from Sweden, Denmark, Germany and Russia.
In 1992 Malmö was the host of the Eurovision Song Contest 1992 after Carola won it the previous year, 1991 in Rome, Italy. Malmö hosted again in 2013 at the newer Malmö Arena, after Swedish singer Loreen’s victory at Eurovision Song Contest 2012, in Baku, Azerbaijan.
The Nordic Games Conference takes place in Malmö every April/May. The event consists of conference itself, recruitment expo and game expo and attracts hundreds of gamedev professionals every year.
Malmö hosts many other different types of contests and special events in Entré, inside the city centre. These include the events such as the Swedish version of Oktoberfest, modelling catwalk contests showing the latest fashion to jackets and coats, to lingerie and garments.
Malmö also known to host other 3rd party events that cater to all communities that reside in Malmö, including religious and political celebrations.
Sydsvenska Dagbladet, founded in 1870, is Malmö’s largest daily newspaper, and also one of its larger employers (see section Economy). It has an average circulation of 130,000. Its main competitor is the regional dailySkånska Dagbladet, which has a circulation of 34,000. In addition to these, a number of free-of-charge papers, generally dealing with entertainment, music and fashion have local editions (for instance City, Rodeo, Metroand Nöjesguiden). Malmö is also home to the Egmont media group’s Swedish magazine operations. A number of local and regional radio and TV broadcasters are based in the Greater Malmö area.
malamo 14 Swedbank_stadion_29_june_2009
Swedbank Stadion, The home of Malmö FF

Sports in southern Sweden is dominated by Association football. Over the years the city’s best football team has been Malmö FF who play in the top level Allsvenskan. They had their most successful periods in the 1970s and 1980s, when they won the league several times. In 1979, they advanced to the final of the European Cup defeating AS Monaco, Dynamo Kiew, Wisla Krakow and Austria Vienna but lost in the final at the Munich Olympic Stadium against Nottingham Forest by a single goal just before half time scored byTrevor Francis. To date, they are the only Swedish soccer club to have reached the final of the competition.
malamo 18 FFMalmö_FF_Logo.svg
Flag and Logo of FF
Malmö FF is the club where Zlatan Ibrahimović began his professional football career. A second football team, IFK Malmö played in Sweden’s top flight for about 20 years and the club’s quarterfinal in the European Cup is the club’s greatest achievement in its history. Today, the club resides in the sixth tier of the Swedish league system.

Examples of other Malmö based clubs are IF Limhamn Bunkeflo and FC Rosengård. Both in Division 1 South, the third tier. Held in Sweden, Malmö was one of the four cities to host the 2009 UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship and hosted the final.
Malamo 15 -Malmö_Arena_ESC2013_01
Malmö Arena, the home of Malmö Redhawks
The most notable other sports team is the ice hockey team Malmö Redhawks. They were the creation of millionaire Percy Nilsson and quickly rose to the highest rank in the early to mid-1990s and won two Swedish championships, but for a number of years have found themselves residing outside of the top flight. Malmö also has teams that play first division handball HK Malmö, baseball, American football and Australian football. Of these last mentioned sports only handball attracts a fair amount of attendance. Gaelic football has also been introduced to Malmö, with the new Malmö G.A.A. club winning the Scandinavian Championships in their inaugural year, 2009, and were again in the running for 2011.
Among non-team sports badminton and athletics are the most popular together with east Asian martial arts and boxing. Basketball is also fairly a big sport in the city, including the clubs Malbas and SF Srbija among others.
malamo 16 1280px-Malmö_stadion
Malmö Stadion, The former home of Malmö FF
Women are permitted by the city council to swim topless in public swimming pools. Everyone must wear bathing attire, but covering of the breasts is not mandatory. “We don’t decide what men should do with their torso, why then do women have to listen to the men. Moreover, many men have larger breasts than women”, remarked a council spokesman.
Malmö hosted the 2014 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships from 26 December 2013 to 5 January 2014.

Posted in Fashion, Food and Drinks, History and culture of Cities -Histoire et Culture des Villes, Music, Travel, Videos | Comments Off